COVID-19 is a virus which is thought to spread from person-to-person contact. Spread can occur with: 
-People who you are in close contact with (up to 6 feet)
-Through respiratory droplets
-By touching surfaces that has the virus on it and then touching your own face.

What are the symptoms? 
Unfortunately, the symptoms are relatively vague and similar to many other viral illnesses like the flu
-Shortness of Breath 

When should you call your doctor? 
CALL your doctor if you develop symptoms and have recently traveled to an area with widespread COVID-19 or if you have had close contact with someone who has.

DO NOT go to the doctors office if you are having these symptoms.

How to prevent the spread of COVID-19? 
-Stay home if you are sick
-Avoid close contact with sick people
-Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth



The coronavirus (Covid-19) is a major epidemic. Luckily few young children have fallen ill. Most of the sick children have had mild cases. However, young children are highly affected by the quarantine and the anxiety of their parents and other adults. Adults may think that children will not notice all the changes and the stress, but they are very sensitive to what is going on. Here are some of the ways children react to the stress and some of the things you can do to help them.

Common Ways Young Children React to Trauma

Frequent crying; difficulty staying still; problems falling asleep and staying asleep; nightmares; clinging to their caregivers; fears of being alone; repetitive play (they may repeat  over and over again what they have heard; they may try to take special care of their dolls or stuffed animals and hide or cover them). Some children may become very aggressive and angry. Others may withdraw from contact. Some may act like younger children, lose their toilet training, want a bottle rather than drinking from a glass, want to eat baby food or refuse to eat, talk like a much younger child.

Young children are very sensitive to the stress experienced by their caretakers. It affects their ability to act in their usual ways and affects their emotions. Most often, they cannot talk about their fears and distress. Caretakers can protect them from some of the stress the adults feel, but caretakers must be aware that the children are upset.


  1. Routines are very important for young children. Disasters, forced isolation, and other traumatic situations often break their usual routines. Creating new routines or re-establishing usual routines can help children feel safe. Keeping regular mealtimes and bedtimes, setting a daily time to play games together, or read to them, or sing songs together all help.
  2. Support from parents or caregivers is very important during periods of stress and during the time after the acute disaster is over. Parents may be physically present but not available emotionally because they are so stressed themselves. It is important to make time to reassure young children and spend time with them.
  3.  Explain why things are different. Young children may not understand why things have changed (like why they cannot go outside or play with other children) but talking with them will help them feel to feel supported by you. Help the children in a way that is appropriate for their age. Keep explanations simple.
  4.  Take care of yourself. This is very important. Even if young children are not directly exposed to the trauma, they can recognize stress and worry in older children and adults in the house.
  5. If young children have been sent to stay with family members in another city talk to them using electronic means as often as possible during the day and at bedtime.  If they are at home, try to arrange for them to see other children using a cell phone.

CREDIT:  Joy D. Osofsky, PhD & Harold J. Osofsky. M.D., Ph.D., Terrorism and Disaster Coalition for Child and Family Resilience, Tulane University Medical School
Distributed by Elise Snyder, M.D., President,  CAPA

National Health Resources

Resources for Drug/Alcohol Addiction and Recovery

Crisis Intervention Hotlines

Free Yoga and Meditation Offerings

For Postpartum Mothers

For Parents to Help with Explaining COVID-19 to Children

Activities for Parents, Children & Young Adults

If You Want to Volunteer to Help Others

Fun Things to Pass the Time

Staying Socially Connected, While Physically Distant

Useful Mobile Apps


By: Jennifer O’Reilly

Our main objective is to keep the body warm and stimulated.  In order to keep the body healthy it’s important to keep the core of the body warm and not bogged down.  To do that you can try adding a warm spicy tea to your daily routine. Or try adding garlic or spice to your foods.  Keep the body moving so stagnation does not settle in. Make sure you get plenty of outside time for fresh air and sunshine.  Eat lots of fruit and vegetables.  

A simple Tea I enjoy all year long and especially in the colder seasons is Ginger Tea.  It warms the body and stimulates digestion. Eases cramping and nausea as well. Can be found at any local supermarket.  

Ginger Tea:  Fresh ginger

  1. Slice thinly about 2 inches of fresh ginger.  
  2. Place the ginger in a pot on the stove.  
  3. Add about 4-6 cups of water.  
  4. Bring to a boil, cover and let simmer for about 20 minutes.  
  5. Turn off the heat and let sit for another 20 minutes.  
  6. Drink throughout the day.  

You can try adding other warming herbs in at step 5.  Other pungent herbs to use are things like thyme, basil, oregano, cinnamon, cardamom, allspice, cayenne, black pepper, garlic, mint, or anything else in your spice cabinet.  

Warming Tea

  • Ginger – thinly sliced about 1-2 inches
  • Thyme – 1 tb
  • Cinnamon or licorice root – 1 tsp
  • Honey to taste

For directions follow the above instructions.  Feel free to play around with your ingredients and amounts.